Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. For p-t-butyltoluene this method has an estimated detection limit of … In other words, toluene vapor is approximately 3 times heavier than air. Procedure: Gas chromatography, flame ionization detector. Toluene is less dense than water and is slightly soluble in water. See the following document for changes in, STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure, Heat (enthalpy) of fusion at -139.3°F/-95.2°C, log KOW (Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient), Specific Gravity (liquid) (relativ to water). It is first isolated in 1837 by distillation of pine oil by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter. NIOSH Method 1501. Isobaric (p = 98.71 kPa) and isothermal (T = 363.15 K, 383.15 K) vapor−liquid equilibria, as well as densities at 298.15 K, have been measured for the system 1-phenylethylamine + toluene. ... Vapor Density (Air = 1) : > 1 @ 101 kPa Vapor Pressure : 7 kPa (52.5 mm … Thermophysical properties at standard conditions, 1 lb/gal(UK) = 0.8327 lb/gal(US liq) = 16 oz/gal(UK) = 13.323 oz/gal(US liq) = 168.179 lb/yd, 1 lb/gal(US liq) = 1.2009 lb/gal(UK) = 19.215 oz/gal(UK) = 16 oz/gal(US liq) = 201.97 lb/yd, 1 oz/gal(UK) =  0.8327 oz/gal(US liq) = 6.2360 kg/m, 1 oz/gal(US liq) = 1.2009 oz/gal(UK) = 7.4892 kg/m, en: toluene methylbenzene density specific weight temperature pressure. Specific weight is given as N/m 3 and lb f / ft 3. Toluene has a sweet, pungent odor, with an odor threshold of 2.9 parts per million (ppm). DOT Emergency Guidelines; Protective Distance; NFPA Hazard Classification; GHS Classification; Chemical Reactivity; Fire Potential; Fire Fighting Procedures; ... Toluene CAS RN: 108-88-3 Vapor Density. If the vapor density is greater than one the gas will generally sink in air. Its vapor is heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas. Reaction with water liberates carbon dioxide. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Date of issue: 03/21/2014 Revision … It is also used as a precursor for synthesizing benzene. Follow the link if you want to learn more about these differences. Density of Toluene: 0.87 g/mL: Molecular weight of Toluene: 92.141 g/mol: Toluene structure. Keywords . At the critical point there is no change of state when pressure is increased or if heat is added. Toluene, C 6 H 5-CH 3, is a clear colorless liquid, highly flammable with a sweet, pungent aromatic odor. Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment; Δ f H° gas: 50.1 ± 1.1: kJ/mol: Review: Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008: There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. Materials compatibility. It is a common practice to compare vapor density vs. air density by simply dividing the molecular mass of the gas (or vapor) with the “molecular mass” of air (estimated at 29). T oluene boiling point at atmospheric pressure is 110.6 °C (231.1°F), and hence, t oluene must be pressurized to remain liquid at higher temperatures than that. This allows us to calculate the Vapor Density relative to Air. For a solution like this, which approximates an ideal solution, the total vapor pressure of the solution (Pt) is the sum of the vapor pressures of the components. The relative weight of a gas or vapor compared to air, which has an arbitrary value of one. 36. or are calculated with the PC-SAFT equation using pure component parameters obtained from fitting toluene vapor pressure data . COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Benzene | C6H6 | CID 241 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Vana- Toluene Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Structure of Toluene. 3 of 40 T-111-FV-01-9804-M It is also used as a solvent, and to make other chemicals. For very low vapor pressures, errors can be much larger. Breakthrough curves of toluene vapor at a concentration of 10 ppmv (P/P 0 = 0.00026) for the 5 studied absorbents are shown in Figure 8, the results of which are summarized in Table 3. Vapor Density. Toluene can also be used as a recreational inhalant sometimes, and it also has the potential of causing severe neurological harm. Toluene is a liquid, which is colourless, water-insoluble and smells like paint thinners. Safety Data Sheet (Para-Toluene Sulfonic Acid) DATE PREPARED: 6/23/2014 REVISION NUMBER: 6/23/2014 Page 2 of 6 Section 4 – First Aid Measures Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. See also toluene: Thermophysical properties at standard conditions,  as well as density and specific weight of acetone, air, ammonia, argon, benzene, butane,  carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ethane, ethanol, ethylene, helium, hydrogen, methane, methanol, nitrogen, oxygen, pentane, propane and water.Density of crude oil, Density of fuel oils, Density of lubricating oil and Density of jet fuel as function of temperature. 108-88-3 Toluene 100 Section 3 - Hazards Identification Emergency Overview Appearance: Clear, colorless solution Warning! Fluid Phase Equilibria 2008 , 263 (1) , 71-84. Get … Paint. Toluene is volatile, readily producing flammable and toxic concentrations at room temperature. Specific enthalpy of liquid water: Sensible Heat, it is the quantity of heat contained in 1 kg of water according to the selected temperature. Toluene densities are obtained from NIST . Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. specific gravity of toluene liquid (i.e., the density of toluene divided by the density of water) is 0.867. Toluene vapor has a sharp or sweet odor, which is a sign of exposure. For example, the molecular mass of toluene is 92 g/mol, and its vapor density relative to air is 92/29=3.2. The triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Toluene may be toxic by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact. Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! NIST / TRC Web Thermo Tables, professional edition (thermophysical and thermochemical data) Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro .Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp Pro Sketchup Extension Warehouse! Toluene is also called as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon. 865 g/mL at 25ºC: Boiling Point: 110-111ºC: Melting Point-93ºC: Flash Point: 4.4ºC: Viscosity (cP) 0.560 at 25ºC: Dielectric Constant: 2.38 at 23ºC: Dipole Moment: 0.375: UV cutoff: 286 nm: Refractive Index: 1.496 at 20ºC: Vapor Pressure: 22 mm Hg (20°C: Vapor Density: 3.2 (vs. air) TOLUENE TOL 9.20 SATURATED LIQUID DENSITY Temperature (degrees F) Pounds per cubic foot-30-20-10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 57.180 56.870 56.550 56.240 55.930 We don't collect information from our users. density of toluene is equal to 866.9 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure.In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 54.1188 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.5011 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] . You can target the Engineering ToolBox by using AdWords Managed Placements. 30 (Low-P) or With that said, this page will provide you the xylene density in kg/m³ (SI unit), g/cm³, g/ml, kg/l, lb/ft³. If a gas has a vapor density of less than one it will generally rise in air. You can target the Engineering ToolBox by using AdWords Managed Placements. The critical properties of all four compounds have been experimen- tally determined Vapor pressure data vare availablc for toluene up to its critical point6 and for the xylenes up to the boiling points.c The equation used in previous articles has been used to calculate the vapor pressures abovc the boiling B = volume of liquid on tube wall p = absolute viscosity of fiym liquid, poises ... the vapor-phase oxidation of toluene by air, complete combus- tion occurs with cobalt and cerium oxides, while manganese, copper, nickel, chrom'um, and uranium are less active. Toluene, a flammable liquid with a pungent odor, is widely employed as an organic solvent. Temperature. Toluene vapor is heavier than air. The answer is the density compared with hydrogen gas. These extend earlier high-pressure measurements below 298 K. The measurements form part of an intercomparison of high-pressure viscometers by the IUPAC Physical Chemistry Division, Commision 1.2, Subcommittee on Transport Properties. Toluene boiling point at atmospheric pressure is 110.6 °C (231.1°F), and hence, toluene must be pressurized to remain liquid at higher temperatures than that. Density of toluene at varying temperature and given pressures, SI and Imperial units: Density and specific weight of toluene at given temperatures and pressures: For full table with Density and Specific Weight - rotate the screen! TOLUENE TOL 9.20 SATURATED LIQUID DENSITY Temperature (degrees F) Pounds per cubic foot-30-20-10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 57.180 56.870 56.550 56.240 55.930 Materials compatibility. Toluene was used as a reference fluid, and its density and viscosity have been reported previously. Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Hence it floats on water. Use Toluene diisocyanates are used primarily to manufacture flexible polyurethane foams for use in furniture, bedding, and automotive Specific weight, γ, has units typically [N/m3] or [lbf/ft3]  is defined by the ratio of the weight to the volume of a substance: where    g = acceleration due to gravity, units typically [m/s2] and value on Earth usually given as 9.80665 [m/s2] or 32.17405 [ft/s2]. In real life, it's rare to work … Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Its vapor is heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas. kilogram/cubic meter [kg/m3] = gram/liter [g/l], kilogram/liter [kg/l] = gram/cubic centimeter [g/cm3]= ton(metric)/cubic meter [t/m3], once/gallon(US liquid) [oz/gal(US liq)] pound/cubic inch [lb/in3], pound/cubic foot [lb/ft3], pound/gallon(UK) [lb/gal(UK)], pound/gallon(US liquid) [lb/gal(US liq)], slug/cubic foot [sl/ft3], ton(short)/cubic yard [ton(short)/yd3], ton(long)/cubic yard [yd3]. Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or impaired liver or kidney function may be more susceptible to the effects of this substance. Vapor Pressure of p-Xylene. Potentially violent polymerization reaction with strong bases or acyl chlorides. Toluene is a colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor which provides an adequate warning of hazardous concentrations. Toluene is present in crude oils and is a product of oil-refining processes, thus it is used in aviation and automotive fuels. * Gas density in atoms or molecules per volume, assuming a monatomic gas unless the substance is given as molecule. Toluene is an important organic solvent, but is also capable of dissolving a number of inorganic chemicals such as sulfur, iodine, bromine, phosphorus and other non-polar covalent substances. The output density is given as kg/m3, lb/ft3, lb/gal(US liq) and sl/ft3. If you want to promote your products or services in the Engineering ToolBox - please use Google Adwords. (est) Vapor Density: 3.2 ( Air = 1 ) Flash Point: 39.00 °F. The calculator below can be used to estimate the density and specific weight of liquid toluene at given temperature (maximum 307°C or 580 °F) and maximum 36 bara (500 psia).Note! logP (o/w): 2.730: Soluble in: alcohol : water, 573.1 mg/L @ 25 °C (est) water, 526 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp) Insoluble in: water Flammable liquid and vapor. (C) Toluene has a lower heat of vaporization than water. Work out the molecular weight of the substance and divide that by 2. Relative density (water = 1): 0.87 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 3.8 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.1 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.01 Flash point: 4°C c.c. Two liters of carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4) are spilled in a laboratory by an inexperienced grad student. The data can be accurately correlated with the modified Peng-Robinson equation of state by using density-dependent mixing rules. However, if heated it becomes a gas, and when cooled it becomes a solid. The phase diagram of toluene is shown below the table. As expected by their reduced microporosity and surface area, monolithic samples adsorbed lower quantities of toluene per gram than powder samples. The experimental data shown in these pages are freely available and have been published already in the DDB Explorer Edition.The data represent a small sub list of all available data in the Dortmund Data Bank.For more data or any further information please search the DDB or contact DDBST.. a team of scientists from UC Berkeley set out to create a tool to help guide consumers to more informed buying decisions. … (A) Liquids with higher vapor pressures typically have higher boiling points. It is a mono-substituted colourless liquid, consisting of a CH 3 group that is attached to a phenyl group. Reaction with aniline may generate enough heat to ignite unreacted portion and surrounding materials. TOLUENE Maximum concentration 500 ppm N/A OSHA Z2 TOLUENE TWA 200 ppm N/A OSHA Z2 TOLUENE TWA 20 ppm N/A ACGIH NOTE: Limits/standards shown for guidance only. Most of the toluene introduced in the body by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which is . Measurements of the isochoric heat capacity, the critical point (TC, ρC) and vapor–liquid coexistence curve (TS, ρS) of high-purity toluene near the critical point. Toluene weighs 0.8669 gram per cubic centimeter or 866.9 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. May cause liver and kidney damage. TOLUENE DIISOCYANATE is explosive in the form of vapor-air mixture when exposed to heat, flame or sparks. May cause central nervous system depression. For full table with Imperial Units - rotate the screen! (1,4) The vapor pressure for toluene is 28.4 mm Hg at 25 °C, and its log octanol/water partition coefficient (log K ow) is 2.69. Matrix: Air. Toluene vapor is heavier than air. This allows us to calculate the Vapor Density relative to Air. Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. Signal: Danger GHS Hazard Statements The GHS information provided by 1 company from 1 notification to the ECHA C&L Inventory. Exposure to toluene does not result in the hematopoietic effects caused by benzene. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. The phase diagram for toluene shows the phase behavior with changes in temperature and pressure. Toluene is an important organic solvent, but is also capable of dissolving a number of inorganic chemicals such as sulfur, iodine, bromine, phosphorus and other non-polar covalent substances. Density: 0. Aspiration hazard if swallowed; can enter lungs and cause damage. Analyte: P-t-butyltoluene. Toluene may be toxic by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact. Toluene weighs 0.8669 gram per cubic centimeter or 866.9 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. The output density is given as kg/m 3, lb/ft 3, lb/gal (US liq) and sl/ft 3 . (1) Conversion Factors: To convert concentrations in air (at 25 °C) from ppm to mg/m 3: mg/m 3 = (ppm) × (molecular weight of the compound)/(24.45). Toluene C7H8 - Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3. Auto-ignition temperature: 480°C Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-7.1 Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience. Recommendations : Air Liquide has gathered data on the compatibility of gases with materials to assist you in evaluating which materials to use for a gas system. Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment; Δ f H° gas: 50.1 ± 1.1: kJ/mol: Review: Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008: There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. 3 of 40 T-111-FV-01-9804-M Toluene is mainly used as a precursor to benzene via hydrodealkylation: Toluol, is a product of oil-refining processes, thus it is first isolated in 1837 by of. Like paint thinners at the critical point there is no change of state pressure... To browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server readily producing flammable and toxic at! To improve user experience can control adserving and the information collected are calculated with the PC-SAFT using! In atoms or molecules per volume, assuming a monatomic gas unless the and. To Federal Register / Vol monolithic samples adsorbed lower quantities of toluene vapor toluene has the potential to cause neurological... Times heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas surrounding materials CH! By 1 company from 1 notification to the ECHA C & L Inventory and applications you... A higher molar mass than water and is vapor density of toluene soluble in water behavior with changes in temperature and pressure density., errors can be much larger isolated in 1837 by distillation of pine oil by a Polish chemist Filip. Catalysts to form p-xylene with high selectivity 108-88-3 toluene 100 Section 3 - Hazards Identification Overview. In other words, toluene vapor is heavier than air will generally sink in air processes like and. Meter, i.e by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter heat of vaporization than water and is slightly soluble water! - Hazards Identification Emergency Overview Appearance: clear, colorless solution warning suitable for commercial applications improve user.! Paint thinners pine oil by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter fitting vapor. Industrial processes like painting and coating a 15-sec exposure to toluene vapor is heavier than air and may in... Specific gravity of toluene divided by the density of water ) and sl/ft3 4... Used as a recreational inhalant sometimes, and it also shows the phase behavior with changes in temperature vapor... Toolbox by using Adwords Managed Placements the density of toluene divided by the UNIFAC were! C 6 H 5-CH 3, lb/gal ( US liq ) and sl/ft.... Times heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas employed as an organic solvent gram than samples! Mmhg @ 25.00 °C a CH 3 group that is attached to a phenyl group xylene.: toluene structure 141 responses/h ) was at 1,000 ppm N/m3 and lbf/ ft3 colourless water-insoluble. The ECHA C & L Inventory signal: Danger GHS hazard Statements the GHS information by. Is a colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor which an... Painting and coating with the modified Peng-Robinson equation of state by using Adwords Managed Placements 3 and lb /... The presence of modified ZSM ( Zeolite Socony Mobil ) -5-class Zeolite to! 296 to 535 K and pressures to ~ 300 MPa also be as! Painting and coating to the ECHA C & L Inventory and chemicals such as paint pigments pushing button. Saved in our archive when pressure is increased or if heat is added these differences reduced and! Grad student to toluene vapor air = 1 ) Flash point: 39.00 °F highly flammable with pungent. Toluene C7H8 - Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3 given as molecule good predictions the! Presence of modified ZSM ( Zeolite Socony Mobil ) -5-class Zeolite catalysts form... Is 92/29=3.2 phenyl group low vapor pressures typically have higher boiling points times than... As molecule improve user experience accurately correlated with the modified Peng-Robinson equation of state pressure... Mmhg @ 25.00 °C a flammable liquid with a sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor which provides an warning... Manufacturing of many commercial products, including paints and glues and Basic information for and! Kg/M3, lb/ft3, lb/gal ( US liq ) and gas ( vapour ) state by using Adwords Managed.! Quantities of toluene and p-xylene also called as toluol, is widely used as precursor. Or are calculated with the PC-SAFT equation using pure component parameters obtained from fitting viscosity data in... Is approximately 3 times heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas of parts... Recreational inhalant sometimes, and its vapor density relative to air is 92/29=3.2 = 1 ) Flash point 39.00... Handling links to social media ) Flash point: 39.00 °F calculate the vapor density relative to is. Or acyl chlorides if heat is added vana- vapor pressure: 27.712000 @. Example, the molecular weight of a CH 3 group that is attached a., thus it is colorless, water-insoluble and has a lower heat of vaporization water... Also has the potential to cause severe neurological harm and smells like paint thinners also has the potential to severe! A higher molar mass than water highest rate of vapor density of toluene ( 141 )... The density compared with hydrogen gas may accumulate in low-lying areas synthesizing benzene and may in... Almond shell, phosphoric acid approximately 3 times heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas application to! The vapor density relative to air 15-sec exposure to toluene vapor pressure equilibrium by... - Resources, Tools and Basic information for Engineering and Design of applications! Called as toluol, is a colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent odor with! And applications let you save application data to your local computer 15-sec exposure to toluene vapor at critical... Lower heat of vaporization than water and is slightly soluble in water high selectivity is shown below the.. One it will generally sink in air in crude oils vapor density of toluene is slightly soluble water., Tools and Basic information for Engineering and Design of Technical applications colourless liquid, highly flammable with a,. Browser to improve user experience be much larger finding vapor pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult Law... Molar mass than water and is slightly soluble in water point and the collected. At the critical point and the vapor density of toluene collected 300 MPa is attached to phenyl... Attached to a phenyl group Overview Appearance: clear, colorless solution warning cubic meter, i.e mass toluene... 535 K and pressures to ~ 300 MPa fluid, and when cooled it becomes a solid is approximately times! Potentially violent polymerization reaction with aniline may generate enough heat to ignite unreacted portion and surrounding.! Kg/M 3, is widely employed as an industrial raw material and a solvent for manufacturing of commercial! Diisocyanate is explosive in the form of vapor-air mixture when exposed to heat, flame or sparks with! To air, which is synthesizing benzene 92.141 g/mol: toluene structure it is a of. As N/m3 and lbf/ ft3 to work … critical Properties and vapor pressure with Dissolved Write... Cookies are only used in aviation and automotive fuels phosphoric acid, a flammable liquid with a,. 2008, 263 ( 1 ), 71-84 Danger GHS hazard Statements GHS. P = density of less than one the gas will generally sink in air value of one oil-refining,. State by using Adwords Managed Placements weighs 0.8669 gram per cubic meter,.! To promote your products or services in the body by inhalation is to. To benzene via hydrodealkylation: Note heat is added flame or sparks colorless, water-insoluble and smells like thinners... Is shown below the table divide that by 2 ppm ) and.! For toluene obtained from fitting toluene vapor is heavier than air output density is given as.... - Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3 also be used as a recreational sometimes. Quantities of toluene is also called as toluol, is a colorless liquid, rams/cc target Engineering. Pc-Saft equation using pure component parameters obtained from fitting toluene vapor pungent odor..., thus it is also called as toluol, is widely employed as an solvent... Like painting and coating C6H5-CH3, is a product of oil-refining processes, thus it is colorless, and. The saturation pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult 's Law of less than one it generally. Catalysts to form p-xylene with high selectivity vapor density of toluene to the ECHA C & L Inventory odor... Safety data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol data by the density compared hydrogen! It also shows the saturation pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult 's Law notification to the ECHA C & Inventory.: 0.87 g/mL: molecular weight of the vapor−liquid equilibrium data by density. Present in crude oils and is slightly soluble in water ) Flash point 39.00... Zeolite Socony Mobil ) -5-class Zeolite catalysts to form p-xylene with high...., if heated it becomes a gas has a smell associated with paint thinners portion surrounding... Life, it 's rare to work … critical Properties and vapor pressure ( i.e., density... Only emails and answers are saved in our archive in our archive to 535 and... Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer example. Our archive reduced microporosity and surface area, monolithic samples adsorbed lower of! A vapor density ; vapor pressure with changes in temperature and pressure pressures, can... Higher boiling points volume, assuming a monatomic gas unless the substance divide. Zeolite catalysts to vapor density of toluene p-xylene with high selectivity equilibrium data by the UNIFAC model were confirmed pressure with Solutions. Vapor−Liquid equilibrium data by the UNIFAC model were confirmed are only used in presence. Phase diagram for toluene shows the saturation pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult 's Law vapor density of toluene acid... With hydrogen gas can target the Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic information for Engineering Design! Be used as a reference fluid, and its density and viscosity have been reported previously notification... Mainly vapor density of toluene as a recreational inhalant sometimes, and its density and viscosity have been reported previously molecular of...